UP Board solution of English Chapter 3 UP Board Class 12th Vistas Chapter III Journey to the end of the Earth (Supplementary Reader) Book in English & Hindi Medium-gyansindhuclasses
UP Board solution of English Chapter 3 UP Board Class 12th Vistas Chapter III Journey to the end of the Earth (Supplementary Reader) Book in English & Hindi Medium-gyansindhuclasses Written by: Tishani Doshi. Up Board English For Hindi & English medium students.
Based On Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik shiksha Parishad New NCERT Syllabus . Board Class 12 English Book Solutions. Class 12 English Vistas Supplementary Reader. Board Book PDF for class XII.
Chapter III Journey to the end of the Earth
Journey to the end of the Earth
Short Answer Type Questions
Q1. How did the author reach Antarctica?
Ans.They travelled over 100 hours in combination of a car, an aeroplane and a ship. In this way, they reached Antarctica.
Q2.What was the wonder author realized reaching Antarctica?
Ans.Expansive white landscape and uninterrupted blue horizon and its immensity and isolation was wondrous about Antarctica.
Q3.What was Gondwana?
Ans. Six hundred and fifty million years ago, a giant amalgamated southern supercontinent Gondwana did indeed exist, centered roughly around the present day Antarctica.
Q4.How is the present globe shaped which we know today?
Ans.Gondwana was forced to separate into countries. The globe was shaped much as we know it today. A cold circumpolar current was created
Q5. What does one feel in Antarctica? How is it captured visually?
Ans.By visiting the Antarctica we can understand the earth’s past, present and future. A visit there can go teach the next generation to understand and value our planet. Antarctica also holds within its ice-cores half million years old carbon records which help us to study climatic changes by global warming.
Q6.What was the ‘Students on Ice’ programme?
Ans.The programme was “students on ice” with the motive to give high school students, the educational opportunity to do the study of Antarctica.
Q7. Who was Geoff Green? What did he offer to the students?
Ans.Geoff Green was a Canadian explorer and educator, and the founder of the programme, “students on ice”. He started to include the learners, willing person and school students for the mission and it was also an opportunity for beginners to study more and more about our planet and ecosystem.
Q8.What was the reason of the success of the programme ‘Students on Ice’?
Ans.The programme became so successful because its impossible to go any where near the south pole and not be affected by it. Through this programme students got the educational opportunities.
Q9. How many members reached at Antarctica and what did they find there?
Ans.There were all 52 of us, kitted out in Gore-Tere and glares, walking on a stark whiteness that seemed to spread out forever. Underneath our feet was a metre-thick ice pack, and underneath that, 180 meters of living, breathing, salt water. In the periphery crabeater seals were stretching and sunning themselves on ice flows much like stray dogs will do under the shade of a banyan tree.
Long Answer Type Questions
Q1. What was ‘Akademik Shokalskiy’? What was its mission and how was it accomplished?
Ans.The Akademik Shokalskiy was Russian research vessel. It was having all the facilities. Its mission was to take all the 52 members to Antarctica safely, under a programme “students on ice”. It offered the students a life-changing experience at an age when they were ready to absorb, learn and act accordingly. The programme became successful by making the students aware of the dangers of global warming. The programme students on ice was a success because it offered a life changing exposure to the future generation of policy makers at an age when they could absorb, learn and act. It provided them with inspiring educational opportunities which would help them faster or new, understanding and respect for our planet.
Q2. What was Gondwana? What had happened for 500 million years? How is Antarctica helpful to Sop find the history of the Earth?
Ans.Six hundred fifty million years ago, a giant amalgamated southern super continent “Gondwana” did indeed exist, centred roughly around the present day Antarctica. For 500 million years Gondwana thrived, but around the time when brdinasaurs were wiped out and the age of mammals got under way, the landmass was forced to separate into countries, shaping the globe much as we know it today. Only Antarctica on this earth presently is in its purest and original form as it holds in its ice cores half million years old carbon records trapped in its layers of ice. Antarctica has never sustained a human population and therefore remains relatively pristine in this respect. So Antarctica is the place to go to understand the earth’s present, past and future.
Q3. What is there on Antarctica? How is the ubiquitous silence interrupted there sometimes?
Ans. It was a huge expanse of white devoid of any indications of human habitation such as trees, bill boards, or buildings. Thus one could lose all earthly sense of perspective and time. The size of things varied from the minute to the colossal. Among the tiniest where the midgets and mites and the huge included the blue whales and ice bergs as big as countries. The days seems to never end because the sun never set in summer and the omnipresent calm was interrupted only by the infrequent avalanche or splitting ice sheets that sanctified the place. The place also held a fascination that forced one to think about the earth’s geological history.
Q4. What was the ‘Students on Ice’ programme? What was its aim and why it became a successful
Ans. programme? Students on ice was a research programme. The main aim of this programme was to make students aware of the danger of global warming. It would help them foster a new understanding and respect for our planet. On the basis of this understanding, they would frame policies to save. The students on this programme visibly saw glaciers retreating and ice shelves falling. This made them feel that the threat of global warming is real. The programme became successful because its impossible to go anywhere near the south pole and not be affected by it. Through this programme students got the educational opportunities.
Q5. Describe the passengers’ treading on Antarctica? What life was surviving there and what did they learn from Antarctica?
Ans.The journey starts with a troop of 52 people under the guidance of experienced Canadian Geoff Green, an educator and adventurer. Akademik Shokalskiy, a Russian vessel was carrying all the 52 people to Antarctica. Crossing nine time zones, six check points, three bodies of water, and at least as many ecospheres. They travelled over 100 hours in combination of a car, an aeroplane and a ship and finally they reached. They saw Antarctica’s expansive white landscape and uninterrupted blue horizon where immensity and isolation made them wondrous and tireless. Antarctica’s sub zero temperatures are not suitable for humans, while panguins, seals and whales are the best known residents of Antarctica. It is the perfect place to study the effects that global warming is causing. It is here that one can see the effect of melting glaciers and collapsing ice-shelves and how this is likely to raise the water levels in the sea and the ocean, as a result of which many low lying regions will be submerged under water. So we should be careful about environment.
Q6. ‘The world’s geological history is trapped in Antarctica’. How is the study of this region useful to us?
Ans.The study of Antarctica is useful to us in very mysterious and revealing way. Six hundred and fifty million years ago; ‘Gondwana’ a supercontinent existed, centred roughly around the present-day Antarctica. The climate was much warmer, hosting a huge variety of flora and fauna. For 500 million years Gondwana thrived. Around the time, the landmass was forced to separate into countries, shaping the globe much as we know it today.
Journey to the end of the Earth
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) With Answers
Q1.Who is the author of the lesson Journey to the end of the Earth?
(a) Tishani Doshi (✓)
(b) Kamla Das
(c) Jane Austen
(d) Chitra Das
Q 2. What is the meaning of ‘epiphany’?
(a) a moment of shock
(b) a moment of great sadness
(d) a moment of sudden and great revelation or realization(✓)
Q 3.The name of the programme that takes high school students to the end of the earth is… .
(a) Students of Ice
(b) Students for Ice
(c) Students above Ice
(d) Students on Ice(✓)
Q4.The Drake Passage was created because of… ..
(a) India drifting northwards
(b) South America drifting off to join North America(✓)
(c) North America drifting off to join South America
(d) India’s collision with Asia
Q5.Gondwana existed roughly around … .
(a) 110 million years ago
(b) 450 million years ago
(c) 250 million years ago
(d) 650 million years ago(✓)
Q 6.The narrator was aboard on the ship named… … ..
(a) World carrier
(b) Academic Discovery
(c) Akademik Shokalskiy(✓)
(d) Denim Explorer
Q7. What was the name of the Southern Supercontinent?
(b) Asia Pacific
(c) Northern pole
Q 8.Which program was the author a part of?
(a) Tour Program
(b) Research Program
(c) Students on Ice Program(✓)
Q 9. Why is Antarctica completely pure?
(a) Because of ice
(b) because of avalanches
(c) because of melting glaciers
(d) because of non-existence of humans (✓)
Q 10. What used to flourished on Antarctica years back?
(d) Fauna and flora(✓)
Q11.What kind of atmosphere does Antarctica have?
(d) All these(✓)
Q12.What was the centre of the Gondwana Super continent?
(d) All these
Q 13.How were the Himalayas formed?
(a) by a collapse in the Gondwana supercontinent (✓)
(b) by evolution
(c) by deforestation
(d) All these
Q 14.What disturbed the silence of the continent?
(a) The birds
(b) the animals
(c) the humans
Q 15.What was the objective of the Students on the Ice program?
(a) to make them travel
(b) to make them see snow
(c) to make them see white expanse in the form of ice
(d) to enable them to think differently to save the planet(✓)
Q 16.What was Gondwana?
(a) An ancient tourist place
(b) An ancient city in Antarctica
(c) An ancient supercontinent (✓)
Q17. Who was Geoff Green?
(a) Geoff was a Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society and The Explorers Club.(✓)
(b) A scientist
(c) A traveller
(d) A tourist guide
Q 18. Why is the Antarctica the right place to understand the past, present and future?
(a) because half million-year-old carbon records are trapped in its layers of ice.
(b) because of layers of ice(✓)
(c) because of cold
Q 19.Which programme aimed to take high school students to the end of the world?
(a) The author’s delight
(b) Teacher’s delight
(c) School program
(d) Geoff Green’s ‘Students on Ice’ programme (✓)
Q 20. Who is the author of the lesson?
(a) Tishani Doshi(✓)
(b) Kamala Das
(c) Jane Austen
(d) Chitra Das
Q 21.Which program was a life changing program?
(a) Tour and Travels
(b) Know Antarctica
(c) Know your earth
(d) Students on Ice(✓)
Q 22.Where does 90% of earth’s total ice exist?
(a) Pacific region
(b) Southern oceans
(c) Northern pole
(d) Antarctica Continent(✓)
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